During the month of September, 364 protests took place in the 15 provinces of Cuba and the Isla de la Juventud Special Municipality, for an average of 12 daily public demonstrations, most of them on the 29th and 30th, the Cuban Conflict Observatory reported on Monday. (OCC).
After the passage of Hurricane Ian, the regime declared a collapse of the National Electric Power System on September 28, an unusual event that triggered the largest protests on the island since July 11, 2021. In total, 32 neighborhoods in Havana joined to the protests, including some from the Plaza de la Revolución municipality, where the centers of power are located.
The demonstrations “included cacerolazos, roadblocks and marches” and “took place in Havana (33), Las Tunas (3), Villa Clara (3), Holguín (1), Santiago de Cuba (1), Mayabeque (1 ) and Matanzas (1)”, states the report.
“Hurricanes and power outages are not the cause of protesting in the streets, but rather the catalysts that trigger the protests. The main conflict is between the current dictatorial regime and the aspirations and basic needs of the population”, details the OCC.
Likewise, it explains that the social diversity of the participants in the protests has increased, which have taken place both in marginal neighborhoods and in those of the middle class, the participants have been interracial and both women and the elderly, disabled and children.
According to the organization, these factors, together with the rejection of the new Family Code by more than four million Cubans, evidence an intensification of the level of national ungovernability: “Cubans already know that they are facing a system of government, not punctual and correctable misfortunes and insufficiencies”.
Given the increase in the economic and health crisis (dengue as a new epidemic), and the scarcity of food and basic supplies, the OCC warns that this “could be the prelude to a famine of unknown dimensions for Cubans since the Spanish genocide during the last war of independence (1896-1897)”.
Likewise, it points out that “the Cuban situation increasingly resembles the international definition of a ‘fragile state’, previously called a ‘failed state'”.
Therefore, they foresee the continuation of a massive exodus of Cubans to the United States. In this sense, it warns about the new rapprochements between the regime in Havana and the Biden administration.
“The cause of the crisis of ungovernability and the mass exodus is internal, it lies in the current governance system. The hurricane and external sanctions are factors to be taken into account, but secondary. (…) The central core of this conflict is not between Havana and Washington, but between the failed system that governs Cuba and the needs and aspirations of the population. Whoever does not understand it will only aggravate it no matter how good intentions they have, ”he sentenced.