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Cuba in crisis: 177,848 Cuban migrants arrived in the United States in 10 months

The entry of Cubans through border points of the United States experienced a new peak of 177,848 registered with a request for political refuge at the end of July, according to official figures revealed this Tuesday.

With less than two months remaining in fiscal year 2022, the migratory flow of Cubans by land broke a new record, which marks the largest irregular exodus from Cuba in the history of the United States.

The statistics released by the Department of Customs and Border Protection (CBP) show that during last July the avalanche of Cubans through the border strips of the United States territory rose to 20,496, after a slight decrease registered in June (16,448).

Most of the arrivals of Cubans last month remained through the Mexican border, with 20,099. In total, 175,359 have entered from Mexico when the current fiscal period is about to end on September 30.

The reality has far exceeded the predictions of experts and of the CBP authorities themselves, who anticipated the illegal entry of more than 150,000 Cuban immigrants at the end of FY2022.

The historic Cuban stampede accumulates 208,023 registered Cubans without documents in the almost 19 months of the Joe Biden administration, who since his arrival at the White House promised a change in immigration policy with respect to that of his predecessor, Donald Trump. .

Although the recent elimination of the Remain in Mexico (PPM) program did not particularly impact Cuban immigrants during the last year, the measure removes another potential obstacle for the entry of nationals from Cuba.

The influx of Cubans in July indicates that the strategy to control access through the Mexican strip and the Rio Grande, and the reinforcement of controls and raids on the route through Central America and Mexico, have had limited results so far.

Since last May, the irregular entries of Cubans have been reduced by 43.9%, after registering a rise of 35,092 in April.

The situation is creating serious social care problems in South Florida, the main destination for newcomers, with difficulties in providing basic services and housing through the state Department of Children and Families.

The prosecuted Cubans receive cash aid of $180 dollars a month for a semester, $250 dollars in food stamps (up to a year) and medical attention (Medicaid), also for a year.

To the entries by land, another route overflowing with Cuban immigrants must be added: the avalanche by sea.

The interceptions of Cubans in the Straits of Florida have already climbed to 4,000 during the current fiscal year, a figure that is independent of the arrests made by the Border Patrol in the same period.

Only last weekend, border agents captured 187 Cubans, who are currently facing a possible repatriation process.

A Border Patrol official told that in recent weeks there has been “a significant increase” in arrivals of Cubans on the Florida coast, which has required an additional effort from the authorities assigned to the Miami sector.

The update of the figures of irregular Cuban immigration to the United States based on the statistics released this Tuesday by the DHS/CBP, also show that:

397 entered through checkpoints in Buffalo, Boston, Seattle and Vermont.
28 entered through the Canadian border.
109 were expelled under Title 42, citing pandemic restrictions.
170,473 entered after the opening of the Cuban borders and the lifting of visas, decreed by the Nicaraguan government on November 22.
In general, the number of entries of all nationalities climbed to 2,242,413, an increase that already exceeds by 23% those recorded in the entire previous fiscal year (1.7 million).

Cuba continues to occupy fourth place among the countries with the most immigrants arriving at the southern border during fiscal year 2022, after Mexico, Guatemala and Honduras.

NATIONALITIES WITH THE HIGHEST IRREGULAR INCOME BY US BORDER POINTS DURING FY2022

Mexico – 695,910

Guatemala – 201,684

Honduras – 184,004

Cuba – 177,848

Nicaraguan – 134,515

Venezuela – 130,032

Columbia – 102,473

El Salvador – 84,770

Ukraine – 64,348

Source: DHS/CBP

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José Martí
José Martí
Nacionalista cubano, poeta, filósofo, ensayista, periodista, traductor, profesor y editor.

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