Cuban official propaganda and historical ignorance about the country make several foreign analysts deny that Cuba is a failed state.
As always happens, without an accurate diagnosis of the Cuban reality since 1959, the proposals of these authors tend to be absurd for all of us who have been violated by the Cuban totalitarian dictatorship or by the Venezuelan and Nicaraguan regimes. The war of these three dictatorships against the truth and the facts, the systematic disinformation of their media and the concealment of all the relevant information to evaluate the government’s efforts “convince” certain analysts that it is necessary to “pass the hand” to the dictatorships and include them in international forums. Something absurd and contrary to the function that international organizations and democrats around the world should have, that is, respect for human rights and the international norms that govern them.
The democrats of the world would have to denounce, investigate and pressure these dictatorships with diplomatic, political and economic measures for their disastrous results. Whoever wants a solution for the three countries must first listen to the opinion of his victims; this would be at least the first decent posture. The victims, the result of the state violence of the three dictatorships, number in the millions.
The second decent position would be the world boycott of the Cuban totalitarian dictatorship, the only current way of forcing Havana to sit down at a negotiating table, with international supervision and with the presence of the entire independent civil society of the Island, which has solid Welfare proposals in all areas of society.
The Cuban dictatorship is the source of the repressive and corrupt model expanded to Venezuela and Nicaragua. I ask researchers and those interested in mediation to review all the attempts at negotiation between the governments of the United States and the Cuban government in the last six decades, and see how on each occasion it is the Cuban dictatorship that interrupts contacts and negotiations.
The third decent position would be to stop blaming the US for the incompetence, laziness and irresponsibility of the Cuban dictatorship in the national disaster. The regime prides itself on having trade relations with 155 countries and international collaboration with 157 countries. Presenting the US embargo as the cause of the national disaster is playing into the hands of the dictatorship and betraying the citizens inside and outside the Island.
What is a failed state?
A failed State is one that cannot guarantee its own functioning or basic services to the population.
From this brief definition, we can conclude that having secure borders does not necessarily offer well-being to citizens. Having police and special troops to repress the population what he is talking about is the terrorist nature of the State against the citizens. Not having an open and express civil war does not speak to us of national security, but, once again, of the results of State terrorism.
Having an institutional crisis (state institutions do not work to generate welfare or social coexistence) and humanitarian and mass emigration are defining features of a failed state. All these features are evident in the reality of Cuba today. “Social peace” in Cuba does not exist, it is destroyed daily by state terrorism.
This is one of the most damaging effects for the Cuban nation: the kidnapping of the media, public opinion, education, culture, public administration, the economy and the legal system by the Communist Party. . A political and economic system that is ungraspable and prohibited for citizens, contrary to changing its historical failed policies is a failed State.
But if the valuable information from the media independent of the PCC were not enough, all the economic, social, cultural, legal and political indicators published or hidden by the Cuban dictatorship reveal, by absence, falsehood or official recognition, the gravity of the Cuban structural crisis since the elimination of the large Soviet subsidies 30 years ago and the failure of all the measures and laws promoted by the Government since the 1990s.
Several chilling facts about the national reality point to the concept of a failed state:
-The number of deaths from COVID-19 in Cuba could reach 62,000, according to calculations by the English weekly The Economist.
-Cuban salaries are among the lowest in the world, even with small fluctuations.
-The decrease in all productive areas of the country with emphasis on food production, according to official figures from the National Office of Statistics and Information. This is due to the failed economic policy of the dictatorship and its suffocating control over the economy. Although we have been in a latent famine since the 1990s, the dictatorship does not free property, production or national trade and does not create the legal framework for that economic freedom.
-Foreign investment is produced by political alliances and acceptance of foreigners to hire Cuban labor without rights. There is no legal framework to protect investors and the country is corrupted with influence peddling and the violation of labor rights.
-Laziness and negligence to provide the country with electricity, a problem that has been dragging on since the 1990s. Even so, the dictatorship favors the construction of luxury hotels, allowing the national budget to be dedicated to this in its greater proportion. It does not matter that in the meantime the shortage of food, drinking water, medicine, medical supplies, means of transportation and housing worsens, nor that the entire hospital infrastructure remains dilapidated.
-If we review all the legislation created by the Cuban dictatorship since 2019, we will find that even Castro’s laws are disrespected by the regime to leave the Government’s hands free and maintain its economic, civil and political prohibitions, and at the same time, facilitate repression arbitration of the state. Laws in Cuba have been applied in an arbitrary and discretionary manner for six decades.
When a country is in structural crisis, it means that the institutions do not work to provide citizens with basic services, nor to guarantee social peace and development by peaceful means. So it is said that we are in the presence of a failed state.