There is no way to solve the energy crisis without touching other pillars of the system. It is not a matter of partial solutions: this requires a truly significant change in structures, the country’s political and economic organization system is in its terminal phase.
The Cuban socialist system currently shows unsolvable problems and must be changed quickly, importantly and profoundly, socialism does not work and will never work.
The regime seeks to legitimize itself by claiming to be “continuity” of the generation that carried out the “revolution” but on the other hand it is carrying out privatizations, foreign investment, exploitation of gold mines and preparing its long-awaited fraud change to legitimize the leadership as the future Cuban tycoons.
The continuity of the political regime depends on a turnaround, on an important change, the regime is forced to convince itself that it is aware of how bad things are and that it is going to make the necessary changes. But in reality what is cooking is the fraud exchange where the participation of ordinary Cubans does not exist.
In July and so far in August there were blackouts every day with the exception of one. In some localities the outages exceeded 16 consecutive hours.
Now in August, Cuba entered a new stage in the current energy crisis with the cuts in the capital province of Havana, which began this week with a distribution of four hours every three days by districts.
Although it could remain an anecdote, more than one analyst does not minimize the “condescending” nature of these blackouts, initially announced in the official press as an “act of solidarity” towards the other provinces.
Until before this decision – which, according to the provincial authorities, has the purpose of saving some 100 megawatts for the rest of the country – the capital had not suffered from a problem that permeates the entire Cuban geography daily.
Economists explain it by the strategic importance of Havana. For its status as capital, economic heart, seat of powers and gateway to the country for tourism.
This has generated social unrest for revealing “territorial inequalities” and for providing privileged treatment for tourists.
It provokes or contributes to an already very active debate on what the country’s investment priorities have been. There has been a lot of talk about how he has overinvested in hotels in order to capture foreign exchange, but people wonder why he hasn’t invested more in electrical equipment.
According to calculations by Cuban economist Pedro Monreal, the regime has invested almost 1.5 billion dollars in new hotel rooms in the last two years.
During that period, Cuba has gone through a serious crisis, in which it continues to be immersed, due to the pandemic, the tightening of sanctions and failures in national macroeconomic management.
The most visible elements of this situation have been the queues due to the shortage of basic products, the rise in inflation, the partial dollarization of the economy and, also, the frequent blackouts.
The repeated disruptions to supply were one of the causes of the demonstrations on July 11, 2021, the largest in decades. In fact, they started in San Antonio de los Baños during a blackout.
In recent weeks, protests have multiplied, mainly in small urban centers affected by long cuts. This week the situation has escalated with the registration of two in Santiago de Cuba and Havana, the two largest cities in the country.
We are going to see more and more protests, more discontent. There is an increasing loss of legitimacy. It’s not just because of the blackouts, but it’s one of the factors. There are several verified reports that the regime is going to carry out the fraud change taking as an excuse the energy crisis, the growing social inequalities and the ambitions of the communist leadership that wants to be capitalist.